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Migration to CIFS
As smbfs is unsupported and being removed from the Linux kernel (LKML: deprecate-smbfs-in-favor-of-cifs.patch) we should be migrating to using CIFS instead.
If you previously had smbfs mounts configured in
fstab and you use local user database, i.e., administer your own workstation, the migration is not trivial. Most of the Samba servers here seem to support CIFS Unix extensions, meaning that mount options
uid, gid, dmask, fmask, file_mode, dir_mode do not work. The UID, GID and file access permissions come from the server as is, and probably they are not the same you want to have on your workstation.
The solution is to forget
fstab, and mount the shares as a normal user under your home directory using option
Noperms disables local file access permissions checking, so the local UID, GID and permissions information can be whatever, they are ignored. You have to mount under your home directory to prevent other users on your workstation from using the shares you mounted. Otherwise they would have your identity and access rights on the share. So make sure only you can access the mount points.
If you really want to have the same UID/GID semantics as in smbfs, do this:
echo 0 > /proc/fs/cifs/LinuxExtensionsEnabled
It disables the Unix extensions on client side.
How to Mount
The general form is:
mount.cifs //server/share mountpoint -o noperm,user=LUT/username
For umount you must use
umount.cifs command. It seems to need the absolute path to mount point,
otherwise it leaves a stale entry in
In Ubuntu, the command
mount.cifs comes in the package
smbfs (smb filesystem tools or such). Apparently it is not set-uid root by default, so you may need to use
sudo with it. Using
sudo makes the mounted files owned by root, so you need
noperms options. It should be good to make it set-uid root, if you want to be able to mount as a regular user, or you do not want to use
noperms means, that the local file permissions are not used at all. The server will do permissions checking.
If you need to check or change file permissions, use ssh to go to a machine, that has the share mounted via NFS. When you mount via CIFS on your workstation, the file permissions you see may have unknown user or group ids, or the permissions may be completely bogus (as with
noperms option). Suitable servers are:
The path there is
/net/<server>/<share>/, so e.g.
ssh cursa.pc.lut.fi cd /net/www2/projects ls -l
Supporting Unix extensions
No Unix extensions
For these servers you may want to set mount options
pq's cmount script
cmount.doc (Download and rename to
cmount and set execute permission.)
Note, that in the script
www2.it.lut.fi is called just
server, since it really is the server.
cmount to a directory, e.g.
$HOME/net, and create the following directory structure under it:
. |-- files-tite | |-- HOME | `-- tite |-- server | |-- projects | |-- software | |-- temp | `-- www `-- ti500433 `-- install
Mounting works by
./cmount server/projects and umounting must be done by
./cmount -u server/projects or otherwise the mount may not be removed properly from
mtab even though it is really unmounted. You can mount read-only with
./cmount -r server/projects.